Son fils Al-Walid ben Abd al-Malik (705-715) fit annexer une portion de terrain à la superficie de la Mosquée et rénova le bâtiment, remplaçant le bois et élevant des arcs, décorés de mosaïques, sur des colonnes de marbre provenant d'Égypte ou de Syrie. The mosque is also known as the Grand Mosque. This was the unaltered state of the mosque for nearly three centuries. Dans cette première phase, qui s'est terminée en 1973, la construction de la nouvelle structure nécessita d'importants travaux de démolition autour de la mosquée ottomane. The first structure of the mosque was built near the home of Prophet Muhammad. [citation needed] Thus ended polytheistic use of the Kaaba, and began monotheistic rule over it and its sanctuary. Quelques années plus tard, en 1611, des pluies entraînèrent d'autres dégradations, à la suite de quoi le sultan Mourad IV (1623-1640) ordonna une nouvelle restauration de la mosquée, avant de faire reconstruire la Kaaba en 1629. Les artisans coptes ajoutèrent une décoration peinte, qui fut également effacée par Mahomet, à l'exception d'une image représentant Marie et Jésus : le Prophète l'aurait protégée avec ses mains afin d'empêcher qu'elle ne soit détruite[5]. L'opération a été attribuée, à la suite d'un concours, à l'agence d'architecture française Architecture-Studio[12]. Le calife abbasside Abou Ja'afar Al Mansour (754-775) donna ordre d'adjoindre une vaste superficie à la Mosquée d'Al Haram et fit construire un couloir circulaire. nécessaire]. Comment ajouter mes sources ? [44], On 5 March 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the mosque was closed at night and the Umrah pilgrimage was suspended to limit attendance at the mosque. [32] In 1629, during the reign of Sultan Murad IV, the mosque was renovated. Al Masjid Al Haram Rd. Les murs intérieurs de la salle de prière sont recouverts de marbre avec une rainure de 2,5 m de haut[Quoi ?]. On doit également aux sultans ottomans une contribution importante au développement architectural de la mosquée. Alors qu'il s'était vu refuser l'entrée dans La Mecque en 628 pour y effectuer le pèlerinage, le Prophète parvient, à ses fins l'année suivante, à l'occasion d'une trêve, et peut accomplir le rite du ṭawāf, c'est-à-dire circumambulation autour de la Kaaba. Even then, however, no significantly extra breadth and operational capacity were added to the Mosque’s configuration. The mosque is a prime destination for pilgrimage due to its strong link to Prophet Muhammad. Omar, the first Caliph, ordered the demolition of some houses surrounding the Kaaba in order to accommodate the growing number of pilgrims and built a 1.5 meter high wall to … On 20 November 1979, the Great Mosque was seized by extremist insurgents who called for the overthrow of the Saudi dynasty. The foundations of the mosque around the Kaaba date to at least the 7th century, when the second caliph, Omar Bin Al Khattab, built a structure to accommodate the growing number of pilgrims each year. It is also the largest mosque in the world. It is the second holiest site in Islam, after the Masjid al-Haram in [51], The well of Zamzam located beneath the floor (entrance now covered), There has been some controversy that the expansion projects of the mosque and Mecca itself are causing harm to early Islamic heritage. It is built on the site where the noble Messenger (saws) led all the earlier Prophets in prayer when he was transported by night from Masjid al-Haram before his miraj (ascension to Heaven) to the point referred to in the Qur’an as Sidrat al-Muntaha (53:10-16). Al-Masjid al-Haram with predominantly an Ottoman architectural identity before the first Saudi expansion. 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