Age-adjusted death rates varied between states (see figure below) in 2014 and ranged from 15.3 per 100,000 in Hawaii to 62.8 per 100,000 in Kentucky. An in-patient is a patient who is formally admitted (or ‘hospitalised’) to an institution for treatment and/or care and stays for a minimum of one night or more than 24 hours in the hospital or other institution providing in-patient care. Source: Eurostat (online data code: hlth_ps_immu). 7. We analyze raw data from government surveys available through the National Center for Health Statistics and other agencies to develop reports on lung disease mortality, prevalence, hospitalization, economic costs and risk factors. Discharges of in-patients treated for respiratory diseases accounted for 13.0 % of the total number of hospital in-patient discharges in Spain, while these diseases accounted for a share of at least 10.0 % of all in-patient discharges in Ireland, Romania, Latvia and Lithuania. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2018, tables A-2b, A-2c, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2016 National Summary Tables, table 15, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2017 Emergency Department Summary Tables, table 12, National Vital Statistics System – Mortality Data (2018) via CDC WONDER, Trends in Chronic lower respiratory diseases from Health, United States, COPD-related Mortality by Sex and Race Among Adults Aged 25 and Over: United States, 2000-2014, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: COPD, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: COPD, CDC/National Center for Health Statistics, Ambulatory Care Use and Physician office visits, Health of American Indian or Alaska Native Population, Health of Asian or Pacific Islander Population, Health of Black or African American non-Hispanic Population, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Number of adults with diagnosed chronic bronchitis in the past year: 9.0 million, Percent of adults with diagnosed chronic bronchitis in the past year: 3.6%, Number of adults who have ever been diagnosed with emphysema: 3.8 million, Percent of adults who have ever been diagnosed with emphysema: 1.5%, Number of physician office visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the primary diagnosis: 5.7 million, Number of emergency department visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the primary diagnosis: 923,000. The data presented in Figures 1 and 2 are derived from the second wave of the European health interview survey (EHIS) which was conducted between 2013 and 2015 and which covers persons aged 15 years and over. Global and National Extent According to WHO, in India, deaths due to respiratory diseases account for 11% of total deaths in the country. A year without precedent: WHO’s COVID-19 response. The biggest fall was recorded in the Netherlands (note that there is a break in series), down 6.1 percentage points. Chapter X of the ICD covers diseases of the respiratory system: There is a wide range of factors that play a role in affecting the health of a person’s respiratory system. Pneumonia is the world’s leading killer of young children [6]. The average hospital stay in 2018 ranged in length from 5.2 days in Sweden up to 10.3 days in Czechia. A more detailed analysis of causes of death for diseases of the respiratory system is presented in Table 2. It may result from a range of triggers, which include (among others): pollution, tobacco smoke, solvents, pollens, cold air or strenuous exercise. Diseases of the respiratory system are one of the main causes of death in the EU and include conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia or asthma. Influenza and Pneumonia: 59,120. Those countries that reduce air pollution are likely to benefit from a reduced burden from heart disease, lung cancer, chronic and acute respiratory diseases (including asthma). Diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 7.5 % of all deaths in the EU-27 in 2016. It may be argued that many of the deaths and some of the costs associated with influenza epidemics could be avoided through a wider uptake of influenza vaccinations. FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The number of Americans who die from chronic respiratory diseases has skyrocketed over the past … Diseases include, but are not limited to, the pneumoconioses, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory tuberculosis, and certain cancers. Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 159,486. In 2017, the highest standardised death rates for chronic lower respiratory diseases among the EU Member States were recorded in Denmark, Hungary, Ireland and Croatia, while the highest rates for pneumonia were registered in Slovakia, Poland and Portugal. The majority of people who die from influenza are aged 65 years or over and face complications based on chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases or chronic lung diseases. Note: the rate shown is the proportion of people aged 65 and over having been immunised against influenza during the 12 months prior to the survey. In every one lakh people, an estimated amount of 142 people die from lung disease. This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to diseases of the respiratory system and focuses on the following aspects: deaths from diseases of the respiratory system and healthcare for diseases of the respiratory system. A study published by The Forum of International Respiratory Societies shows hundreds of millions of people around the world suffering from one or more types of chronic respiratory disorders, while there are over four million deaths every year, caused by such diseases. Country and technical guidance. Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing, including the nasal cavities, the pharynx (or throat), the larynx, the trachea (or windpipe), the bronchi and bronchioles, the tissues of the lungs, and the respiratory muscles of the chest cage.. By contrast, Czechia recorded the largest increase in the average time spent in hospital for these diseases (up 1.3 days), while nine other Member States reported increases of 0.1 to 0.5 days. Lithuania (6.1 %) recorded the highest share among the EU Member States, followed by Portugal, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy — each with shares above 5.0 %. Deaths from diseases of the respiratory system, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), International Shortlist for Hospital Morbidity Tabulation (ISHMT), Health in the European Union — facts and figures, Health statistics — Atlas on mortality in the European Union. Among the 25 EU Member States for which recent data are available (no recent data for Greece or Portugal), the average length of a hospital stay for in-patients treated for a disease of the respiratory system fell between 2013 and 2018 in a small majority (13 out of 25), while in Latvia and Poland there was no change. Second-hand smoke causes severe respiratory health problems in children, such as asthma and reduced lung function; and asthma is now the most common chronic disease among children throughout the Region. Pulmonary diseases are a common complication in pregnancy as well, with studies showing it to be a significant factor responsible for maternal death af… Self-reported statistics covering the health status of the population for a range of chronic diseases is provided by the European health interview survey (EHIS). Printable Version Cdc-pdf[PDF 202KB] Although age-adjusted death rates for COPD declined among US men from 1999 (57.0 per 100,000) to 2014 (44.3 per 100,000), death rates have not changed significantly among US women (35.3 per 100,000 in 1999 and 35.6 per 100,000 in 2014). Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 147,810. Other lung diseases are acute asthma, pulmonary embolism, common cold, and bacterial pneumonia. In fact, smoking is directly responsible for almost 90% of lung cancer and COPD deaths. Influenza (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) codes J09-J11) is an annual, seasonal infectious disease caused by the influenza virus; it affects Europe in the winter. An analysis by sex reveals that women were usually more likely to report that they had chronic lower respiratory diseases than men. Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other parts of the lung. Figure 3 shows the take-up of vaccinations against influenza among people aged 65 years or over. Detailed information on re… Number of emergency department visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive... Mortality. The respiratory system is a series of organs that are responsible for breathing; the lungs are the primary organ of this system, which also includes the nasal passage, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles. During an influenza epidemic, there may be significant costs for health services (associated with caring for those who fall sick) and for businesses in general (lost production as a result of time taken off work). Summary of Methods - Respiratory Diseases. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. In 2014, some 4.3 % of the EU-27 population stated that they had some form of chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma) diagnosed by a medical doctor (see Figure 1). Towards the lower end of this range with standardised death rates for men for respiratory diseases that were 1.4 times as high as those for women were Denmark and Ireland, while the smallest gender differences (with the rates for men 1.3 times as high as the rates for women) were observed in Sweden and Greece. Infants and young children are particularly susceptible. Hispanics (6.4%) and Asians (4.0%) had lower current asthma prevalence rates than other racial and ethnic groups. By contrast, less than 2.0 % of the population in Malta and Sweden declared that they suffered from chronic lower respiratory diseases (other than asthma). Number of deaths for leading causes of death: Heart disease: 655,381. This source is documented in more detail in this background article which provides information on the scope of the data, its legal basis, the methodology employed, as well as related concepts and definitions. Across the EU-27, 4.5 % of women reported such an illness, compared with 4.1 % of men. Try our corporate solution for free! For most of these diseases, with the exception of asthma and status asthmaticus, standardised death rates for men were generally higher than for women in 2017 in all EU Member States: an exception was for influenza, for which the standardised death rates were higher for women (than for men) in Ireland and Malta. Two major chronic respiratory diseases in Australia are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. The average time spent in hospital for in-patients treated for a disease of the respiratory system fell by 2.8 days in Finland. Facts about smoking and respiratory diseases According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diseases caused by smoking kill more than 480,000 people in the U.S. each year. The lung diseases can be mild or severe. By contrast, a much higher proportion of women (than men) reported they had asthma in Finland, Sweden, Slovakia, Malta and the Netherlands (shares for women were at least 2.0 percentage points higher than those for men). Some of the most common are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea and occupational lung diseases. 432.75 kB. 915.09 kB. Advice for the public. Death rates for men were at least three times as high as those for women in all three Baltic Member States, while elsewhere they were between 1.3 and 2.4 times as high. On average, in-patients with pneumonia (codes J12-J18) and with asthma and status asthmaticus (codes J45-J46) spent the highest number of days in hospital. Most of these are linked to lifestyle or environmental factors, such as smoking or pollution. Dept. Policies that can potentially alleviate air pollution include support for cleaner transport, energy-efficient housing or better municipal waste management in urban areas, and policies aimed at reducing agricultural waste incineration, forest fires and certain agro-forestry activities in rural areas. Chapter 2 . Among the EFTA countries, Liechtenstein and Iceland also reported very low discharge rates for in-patients with respiratory diseases, while among the enlargement countries the rate was relatively high in Turkey (2016 data). According to the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC), the prevalence of allergic rhinitis ranges from very low to 50% of adolescents (81), with an average of over 30% (13). Table 1 shows that, in 2017, the proportion of deaths in Ireland from respiratory diseases was considerably higher than the EU-27 average, at 13.4 %, while respiratory diseases also accounted for at least 1 in 10 deaths in Spain, Denmark, Portugal, Belgium, Greece and Malta; among the non-member countries shown in Table 1, more than 1 in 10 deaths were from respiratory diseases in the United Kingdom, Liechtenstein, Turkey, Norway and Iceland. Indeed Table 1 also shows that standardised death rates for diseases of the respiratory system were particularly high at advanced ages, explaining concerns over, for example the winter influenza epidemics. The economic burden of lung disease. Relative to population size, Bulgaria, Romania and Lithuania recorded the highest number of discharges among those treated for diseases of the respiratory system in 2018 (see Figure 4): 2 200 per 100 000 inhabitants in Lithuania, 2 300 per 100 000 inhabitants in Romania and 3 200 per 100 000 inhabitants in Bulgaria. It also reveals the impact lung disease has on health services, such as hospital admissions and bed-days. By contrast, a higher proportion of deaths among women (rather than men) were attributed to diseases of the respiratory system in four Member States, with the largest gender gap in Ireland (1.7 points); an even larger gap with a higher share for women than for men was observed in Iceland (2.6 points). Standardised death rates for respiratory diseases were consistently higher for men than for women. A higher proportion of men than women who died in the EU-27 in 2016 did so from diseases of the respiratory system (8.1 % compared with 6.9 %). Gender differences were most pronounced for other lower respiratory diseases and chronic lower respiratory diseases as the standardised death rates for men in the EU-27 were 2.4 and 2.3 times as high as the corresponding rates for women. In August 2019, Angie Abad went to the ER to be treated for a respiratory infection. Chronic respiratory diseases were responsible for 10.9% of the total deaths in India in 2016. 187.86 kB. Standardised death rates for men were higher than those for women in 2017 in each of the EU Member States; this may, at least in part, be attributed to different smoking habits between the sexes or to occupational risks (for example, more men work(ed) in extractive industries such as coal mining). The EU-27’s standardised death rate for diseases of the respiratory system was 75.0 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2016; the death rate for men was 2.0 times as high as that for women. On average in 2018, in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system spent between 5.2 days (Sweden) and 10.3 days (Czechia) in hospital. 23 December 2020. For hospital discharges and the length of stay in hospitals, the International Shortlist for Hospital Morbidity Tabulation (ISHMT) is used to classify data from 2000 onwards; Chapter X covers diseases of the respiratory system: For country specific notes on this data collection, please refer to this background information document. Diabetes: 84,946. By far the highest number of in-patient days was spent in German hospitals (24.2 % of the EU total; 2017 data), while Italy (13.2 %), France (11.4 %) and Spain (10.5 %) were the only other EU Member States to record double-digit shares. The EU-27’s standardised death rate for diseases of the respiratory system was 75.0 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2016; the death rate for men was 2.0 times as high as that for women. EU-27 standardised death rates for men were, with the exception of asthma and status asthmaticus, usually higher than those for women for each of the causes of death presented in Table 2. More than three fifths of the elderly population of Ireland, the Netherlands and Portugal were vaccinated against influenza, the highest proportions among the EU Member States. Chronic lower respiratory diseases (excluding asthma) cover a collection of lung diseases that include chronic bronchitis, emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases; the main cause of these diseases is smoking. Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure. The National Center for Health Statistics, a division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, conducts the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a series of annual U.S. national surveys of the health status of the noninstitutionalized civilian population. (File) India has 18% of the world’s population but 32% of the global burden of respiratory diseases. Italian Version. If you are interested to know more about the lung diseases, you need to study pulmonology. Respiratory diseases pose a large health burden across health systems and consistently rank among the most fatal diseases across developed countries.1 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower respiratory tract infections, lung cancer (including tracheal tumours), and tuberculosis have resulted in 2.9 million, 2.4 million, 1.7 million, and 1.2 million deaths, respectively in 2016.1 Poor … By Janie McQueen. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Includes: Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema Physician office visits. Among the diseases with much lower mortality rates, Cyprus and Croatia recorded the highest standardised death rates for asthma and status asthmaticus, while Finland, Sweden and Estonia had the highest standardised death rates for influenza. The length of hospital stays for in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system was generally close to the average for all types of disease. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways characterised by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm that causes coughing, wheezing, chest tightness or a shortness of breath. Bulgaria, Cyprus, Austria and Poland: not available. This series of fact sheets provides a resource for beef cattle producers to learn about the different risk factors that might contribute towards an increased incidence of BRD. This situation was repeated in 2017 across most of the EU Member States and the difference was most pronounced in Lithuania, Romania (where the gender gap was 2.2 percentage points), Spain (2.1 points) and Latvia (1.9 points). Alzheimer’s disease: 122,019. However, with proper treatment, and follow-up care, these conditions can be cured or kept in check. This source is documented in more detail in this background article which provides information on the scope of the data, its legal basis, the methodology employed, as well as related concepts and definitions. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common respiratory disease characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitations [].Due to the ongoing epidemic of smoking and to prolonged life expectancy, COPD is projected to increase in prevalence and to contribute over 4.5 million annual deaths worldwide by 2030 [2, 3].Since aging and smoking are … The share of women suffering from asthma was also considerably higher than that for men in Turkey (5.3 percentage points difference), as well as in Iceland (3.9 points), Norway (2.8 points) and the United Kingdom (2.7 points). Cancer: 599,274. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Portugal (2015 data), Cyprus and the Netherlands had by far the lowest in-patient discharge rates for diseases of the respiratory system, less than 800 per 100 000 inhabitants, while Croatia and Sweden were the only other EU Member States to record ratios that were below 1 000 discharges per 100 000 inhabitants. By contrast, Romania and Portugal recorded a considerably higher proportion of people aged 65 years or over who were vaccinated against influenza in 2018 (2017 for Portugal) than in 2013, up by more than 10.0 percentage points. 11 January 2021. WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 January 2021. This gender difference was particularly pronounced in Lithuania, where the gap between the sexes was 2.7 percentage points and where the highest share of the female population (7.3 %) reported that they suffered from a chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma); the gender gap was slightly higher in Turkey (2.8 points). Table 3 presents an analysis of the average length of hospital stays for in-patients treated for a respiratory disease in 2013 and 2018. From a public health perspective, these measures aim to protect citizens from the hazardous effects of smoking and other forms of tobacco consumption. The next highest overall shares were in Ireland, France and Sweden. Diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 7.5 % of all deaths in the EU-27 in 2016. According to the latest available data for 1997–2006, over 12% of infant deaths in the Region are due to respiratory diseases. The highest share of self-reported asthma among the EU Member States was recorded in Finland (9.2 %), where 11.0 % of all women and 7.2 % of all men stated that they had asthma (see Figure 2). Turkey: 2016. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2018, tables A-2b, A-2c pdf icon[PDF – 166 KB], Source: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2016 National Summary Tables, table 15 pdf icon[PDF – 793 KB], Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2017 Emergency Department Summary Tables, table 12 pdf icon[PDF – 863 KB], Chronic lower respiratory diseases (including asthma) deaths, Source: National Vital Statistics System – Mortality Data (2018) via CDC WONDER, Bronchitis (chronic and unspecified) deaths, Other chronic lower respiratory diseases (excluding asthma) deaths. Among the non-member countries in Table 1, Iceland stood out with a rate for men than was only slightly greater than that for women. (212) 419-8286. Indoor air pollution is also generated by a variety of sources, including: human activity (smoking, fuel used for heating or cooking, the use of cleaning materials); buildings (poor ventilation); pets, plants, dust or damp. 1 Cancer (908) 2 Heart Disease (799) 3 Unintentional Injury (427) 4 Chronic Lower Resp. Respiratory-disease mortality rates across these age groups were within 15% of each other. By contrast, respiratory diseases accounted for a relatively low proportion of the total number of in-patient discharges in Croatia and France (both 5.9 %), while comparatively low shares were also recorded in two of the EFTA countries: 6.3 % in Switzerland and 5.4 % (2017 data) in Iceland. By contrast, the highest share among men was recorded in Luxembourg (5.7 %) where, as in a further eight EU Member States, a greater share of men (compared with women) reported that they had a chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma). At a more detailed level, the standardised death rate for asthma was higher among women. Within the EU-27, some 5.4 % of the adult population reported that they suffered from asthma. Medical workers there tested her … The country bears 18% of the world population but 32% of … Portugal, Germany and Liechtenstein: 2017. According to the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS), the prevalence of rhinitis is around 35% in Europe and Australasia (34). Chronic lower respiratory diseases (excluding asthma) cover a collection of lung diseases that include chronic bronchitis, emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases; the main cause of these diseases is smoking. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD)provides up-to-date summary tables, figures, and maps on various occupationally-related respiratory diseases, including data on morbidity, mortality, and associated workplace exposures by geographic region, industry and occupation, time period, and demographic group. At 7.7 %, the share in Turkey was considerably higher than in any of the EU Member States. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. A standardised (rather than crude) death rate can be compiled which is independent of the age and sex structure of a population: this is done as most causes of death vary significantly by age and according to sex and the standardisation facilitates comparisons of rates over time and between countries. Causes of death are classified according to the European shortlist (86 causes), which is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD). 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 Total Deaths in 2017. A discharge may occur because of the finalisation of treatment, signing out against medical advice, transfer to another healthcare institution, or because of death. Standardised death rates for men were higher than those for women in 2017 in each of the EU Member States; this may, at … It is a type of interstitial lung disease, the umbrella term for more than 200 disorders that cause progressive and usually irreversible scarring, or fibrosis, of the lungs. Blacks and American Indian/Alaska Natives have the highest current asthma rates compared to other races and ethnicities. Note that the statistics presented in this article do not cover cancer of the respiratory system (such as lung cancer), which is treated in a separate article. Each year, chronic respiratory diseases disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and contribute to thousands of deaths. Germany and Iceland: persons aged 60 years and over. You can look at the big picture of lung disease in the UK, or detailed statistics for each condition including asthma, COPD, lung cancer and mesothelioma. Across the EU in 2018 (2017 data for Germany and Malta; 2016 data for Denmark and Luxembourg; 2015 data for Portugal; no recent data for Greece), in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system (codes J00-J99) spent a total of 43.6 million days in hospital. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health. Lung Disease: Facts You Need to Know. The burden of lung disease Supplementary Material. Webannex Mortality. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. An in-patient or day care patient is discharged from hospital when formally released after a procedure or course of treatment (episode of care). Nine million children under 5 years of age die annually and lung diseases are the most common causes of these deaths. The EU-27’s standardised death rate from respiratory diseases for those aged 65 years and over was 38 times as high as the standardised death rate for persons aged less than 65 years; this can be compared with the same ratio for all causes of death, where the death rate for those aged 65 years and over was 20 times as high. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The survey included questions on self-assessment of an individual’s health and data on respiratory diseases, which are available for all EU Member States, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway and Turkey. This statistic shows the total number of deaths from diseases of the respiratory system in Italy in 2017, by gender. Lung cancer is considered as a severe type of respiratory diseases. Patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases have difficulties in breathing, as the walls of the airways to their lungs are damaged, scarred and narrowed (airflow obstruction). Dis. EU-27, Malta and Norway: estimate. The data presented in this article refer to the share of the population aged 15 years or over reporting to have been diagnosed by a medical doctor with chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, or asthma (allergic asthma included) which occurred during the 12 months prior to the survey. a colon ‘:’ is used to show where data are not available; a dash ‘–‘ is used to show where data are not applicable/relevant. According to Special Eurobarometer 458, slightly less than one third of all men (30 %) and slightly more than one fifth (22 %) of all women in the EU (including the United Kingdom) smoked in March 2017. Saving Lives, Protecting People, Summary Health Statistics Tables for U.S. In Latvia and France, the average length of a hospital stay for those treated for a disease of the respiratory system was 2.3 days less than the average for all diseases, while it was 1.9 days shorter in Estonia and 1.7 days shorter in Luxembourg. Statistics on healthcare resources (such as personnel and medical equipment) and healthcare activities (such as information on surgical operations and procedures and hospital discharges) are documented in this background article which provides information on the scope of the data, its legal basis, the methodology employed, as well as related concepts and definitions. 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